500+ Words Essay on Wildlife Conservation in India

The Wildlife Conservation Essay: Wildlife is an important part of the environment. Climate change and related issues are gaining importance all over the world, thus an essay on wildlife conservation for students in English is an expected topic in the English exam.  So we have decided to write a number of essays on wildlife conservation.

Wildlife is an important part of Mother Earth. It is almost impossible to imagine the earth without wildlife. So there is a need to save beautiful wildlife from being destroyed. If we do not realize the importance of wildlife ourselves, then wildlife protection laws cannot do anything.

wildlife conservation essay,500+ Words Essay on Wildlife Conservation in India
Wildlife Conservation in India

Essay on Wildlife Conservation

Introduction: Wildlife means wild animals, birds, etc. It constitutes animals birds, insects, etc. living in the forests. The Indian forests are aloud in wildlife wealthy. There are about 76,000 species of animals in India which comprises about 82% of known species of the world.

The wildlife wealth:

India has a variety of birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians. The elephant is the largest mammal found in the forests of Assam, West Bengal, Central India, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamilnadu. The Rhino is India’s second largest mammal which is now found in the forests of Assam and West Bengal. Tigers are found in the forests of Eastern Himalayan foothills and in a few areas of South India. Besides, the other wildlife around India are buffaloes, Sheep, goats, deer, stag, monkeys, Loungers, chinkaras, dogs, foxes, jackals, hyenas, mongooses, bats, squirrels, cobras, etc And many species of birds like ducks, flamingoes, herons, balbals, mynas, pigeons, doves, cuckoos, beaters, flycatchers, owls eagles, kites, etc. peacock is rightly the national bird of India symbolizes the vast variety of our bird wealth with its rich and magnificent plumage.

Adverse effects on the wildlife:

It is quite unfortunate that our wildlife has been adversely affected by the fast dwindling forest wealth. A large number of species have been reduced in numbers, others are endangered and still, others are on the verge of extinction. This has adversely contributed to the disturbance of the ecological balance. Moreover, poaching and the illegal killing of animals for their fur, skin, teeth, hair, etc. have helped in the reduction of the wildlife population.

Conservation of wildlife:

To put a check on this, The wildlife conservation Act, 1972 is a strict law and gives a firm footing National parks and sanctuaries. The undergrade species of plants and animals have been classified under this Act for protection. The Tiger project was launched in 1973 under which 21 Tiger Reserves have been created. There are fourteen National Parks and sanctuaries in India for wildlife conservation They are 1. Bandipur Sanctuary in Karnataka. 2. Chandraprapha Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh. 3. Corbett National Park in Uttar Pradesh. 4. Dachigam Sanctuary in Kashmir. 5. Dudwa National Park in Uttar Pradesh. 6. Ghana Sanctuary in Rajasthan. 7. Gir Forest in Gujarat. 8. Hazaribagh National Park in Bihar. 9. Jaldapara Sanctuary in West Bengal. 10. Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh. 11. Kaziranga National Park in Assam. 12. Manas Sanctuary in Assam. 13. Runn Kutch in Gujarat. 14. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary in Haryana.


Along with the efforts of the government, Peoples awareness and cooperation is needed in order to conserve and protect these invaluable Natural Resources of our country. Then only can the efforts of the government be given a concrete direction and then only conservation can be achieved.

You Can Read more on Wikipedia about Wildlife conservation.

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